Manufacturer’s installation requirements!
Storing and Handling
• Don’t truck or unload wood flooring in the rain, snow or other humid conditions.
• Store wood flooring in an enclosed building that is well ventilated with weather proof windows. Garages and exterior patios, for example, are not appropriate for storing wood flooring
• Leave adequate room for good air circulation around stacks of flooring
Home or building- Conditions:
• Wood flooring should be one of the last jobs completed in a construction project. Prior to installing hardwood floors, the building must be structurally complete and enclosed, including installation of exterior doors and windows. All finished wall coverings and painting should be completed. Concrete, masonry, drywall, and paint must also be complete, allowing adequate drying time as to not raise moisture content within the building.
• HVAC systems must be fully operational at least 7 days prior to flooring installation, maintaining a consistent room temperature between 60-75 degrees and relative humidity between 35-55%.
• Engineered hardwood floor may be installed above, on, and below grade level.
• It is essential that basements and crawl spaces are dry. Crawl spaces must be a minimum of 18″ from the ground to underside of joists. A vapor barrier must be established in crawl spaces using 6 mil black polyethylene film with joints overlapped and taped.
• During the final pre-installation inspection, sub-floors must be checked for moisture content using the appropriate metering device for wood and/or concrete.
• Hardwood flooring must acclimate for as long as necessary to meet minimum installation requirements for moisture content. Always use a moisture meter to monitor the flooring and job-site conditions as they acclimate, until the wood is neither gaining nor losing moisture.
• Flatness required as follows- 3/16″ in 10′ or 1/8″ in 6′. Sand hig areas and joints. If the floor is to be glued down then fill low areas with the appropriate cementitious sub-floor leveling compound. The leveling material should provide structural soundness for the flooring being installed. Structural soundness is the responsibility of the installer
• Additional requirements for flatness are required for floating floors as stated in installation guidelines
• Distribute lengths, avoiding “H” patterns and other discernibl patterns in adjacent runs. Stagger end joints of boards row to row a minimum of 6″ for strip flooring, 8-10″ for 3″ to 5″ plank, and 10″ plank wider than 5″ for better visual effects and structural stability on mechanically fastened installations
|Staggered End Joints||Avoid H-Joints|
The history behind hardwood flooring!
building homes, etc. There are literaly millions of reasons why we use wood. One reason in perticular that has surpassed its purpose is flooring.
At first it’s purpose was simply to provide a flat suface in our homes. So that we no longer had to walk on dirt. As the years have gone by, wood flooring is being recognized more so now for it’s beauty and richness.
What trees are used for hardwood flooring?
Most of all hardwood flooring is manufactured out of deciduous tree species. A deciduous tree is one that sheds it’s leaves in the winter. Here are some examples of deciduous trees.
That’s just to name a few.
Type and grade of hardwood flooring:
There are a few different construction grades to choose from. Solid- This simply means that the board/plank is in it’s truest form. Harvested and milled to size. 3/4 of an inche is the standerd thickness for solid flooring. There is a thinner profile wich is usually around 5/16 of an inche thick. When it’s being milled they cut it three ways. That usually affects the strength and look as well as the cost of the hardwood flooring
- Plain cut: Most commonly recomended for it’s wide variaty of grain patterns than the others. It’s cut perelell with the length if the tree.
- Quarter cut: These cuts aren’t all that atractive . The log is cut into 4 quarters before being cut and milled into hardwood flooring.
- Rift cut: Although it is more expensive than the other cuts, it’s also more durable, overall providing a higher quality flooring. The log is cut at an odd angle then quarter cut before being cut into hardwood flooring.
The logs have been cut into boards/planks, they are a rough cut so it has to be milled into hardwood flooring. The tonge and groove system allows easy interlock, asurring a stronger joint. When installing solid hardwood flooring it must be sanded and finished.
Advantages : Most solid hardwood flooring is 3/4″ thick and there is about 1/4 or 6mm of wood above the tonge and groove. That allows it to be lightly resanded and finished many times down the road. If a hardwood floor is properly cared for it can sustaine some pretty hard family miles for generations to come.
Disadvantages of solid hardwood flooring. Most experts will tell you that you shouldn’t install over concreate or over radiant heat. Also it tends to be a little more costly then engineerd hardwood flooring
Engineered- Engineered hardwood flooring is made simple by glueing a hard wood veneer sheet to either plywood or high density fiberboard. Because of the overlapping method engineered hardwood is more dimensionally stable than solid. That means that humidity and temperature will not have as much affect on an engineered flooring versis a solid flooring.
The advantages of engineered hardwood flooring!
Here are just a few examples of the advantages engineered wood flooring has over solid wood flooring.
- It can be installed on all grades, including below grade.
- It can be installed over a concreate subfloor.
- Best of all it usually costs less than most solid wood
The plywood core is made up of anywhere betrween 2 to 10 plies thick. That also can play part in the price. Of course 2 plies is not as strong as 4 plies so the more plies you add, the stronger it gets.
Engineered flooring is becoming more populor for it’s ability to withstand radiant heat. Also it has the same great look as solid wood.
Veneer is cut three ways. That along with the thickness will effect the price
- Rotary-peel: They first drop the log into a big vat of boiling water at a certian temp to prep the tree. The bark is then scraped from the tree and it is put in a lathe. The log will rotate while a blade comes from the side. The blade is presssed flat against the tree while it’s rotating. The blade peels it back almost like a potato chip. It has a plywood like grain and can have problems with cupping and warping, trying to go back to it’s original form.
- Sliced- peel: Just like rotary peel it must go through the boiling and prep. After the log has been prepped it’s cut long ways from one end to the other. Then it is pressed to the core/plywood to make a veneer.
- Dry solid-sawn: This type of veneer takes a little more prep time. It has to dry slowly with very little moisture keeping the wood cells intact. This will reduce the risk of it cupping and warping. It is also the most expensive type of engineered wood flooring. Same great look as solid hardwood flooring,with the durability that’ll last a life time
Sanding and finishing engineered wood flooring.
Can your engineered wood floor be sanded and sealed or finished to get rid of sratches as well as peeling clear coat. Some engineered wood flooring planks can be sanded and here’s why. Some of the higher quality engineered hardwood flooring products are made with about 3 /16 inch above the tongue, allowing for a lite sanding and finishing. A good floor man can do this in a day or two, depending on the size of the wood floor being addressed, adding years of life to your floor . When you purchase your flooring, where ever you buy it, most salesmen should be able to tell you if it’s sandable or not. Note: sanding will not fix warped wood, bubbles or loose wood flooring.
This section is under construction. We do apologize for the delays to further inlighten you about your flooring. We value our relationship with our customers and would love to hear your feedback on how we did on your home. Thank you for your support, as we are a small business and remimber sharing is caring.